The economy of Japan - from superpower to stagnation

The economy of Japan while its economic might is still widely respected…. These days, the western world largely fears the rise of another Asian giant… But, as it so happens, in 1989, the year that I was born, the world was simultaneously fearful and in awe of the rise of... [Read More]

The monetary economics of Denmark

The Danish Krone is not just the main currency of Denmark. It is also the main currency of Greenland and the Faroe islands. The Krone is issued by the central bank of Denmark (Danmarks Nationalbank). Now, the central bank of Denmark is rather unique among central banks because, rather than... [Read More]

The balance of payments explained

In today’s globalized world, it is highly likely that your car was made in Japan, your software comes from the U.S., your pension fund has invested via London, and the rest of you stuff…. probably comes from China. To understand the effects of globalization, using the standard measurement, gross domestic... [Read More]

Exchange rates explained

How are exchange rates determined? This is one of the most fundamental and complex questions in economics. And as of today, it has NOT yet been fully solved. That being said, economists have a pretty good understanding of the basic variables that determine the exchange rate: inflation and interest rates.... [Read More]

The dangers of financial globalization

Let me tell you something pretty crazy…. I have one bank account in Estonia with a British bank and another South Africa. I’ve also invested in some stocks in the Netherlands and some bonds in the United States. But, it is 2021, and I’m guessing that, actually, this is not... [Read More]